OFFICE BUILDINGS, HIGH RISES, HOTELS
Office building security has unique challenges associated with big and tall environments and large number of incumbents.
Security guards, also called security officers, protect property, enforce laws on the property, deter criminal activity, and deal with other
problems. Some guards are assigned a stationary position from which they may monitor alarms or surveillance cameras.
Other guards may be assigned a patrol area where they conduct security checks. Guards must remain alert, looking for anything out of the
ordinary throughout their shift. In an emergency, guards may call for assistance from police, fire, or ambulance services. Some security
guards may be armed.
A Templar's job responsibilities vary from one employer to another. In retail stores, guards protect people, records, merchandise, money,
and equipment. In stores, they may also work with undercover store detectives to prevent theft by customers or employees. They are
responsible for detaining shoplifting suspects until the police arrive. The following are the major tasks of a Security Guard or Security
Officer who is protecting an Office Building:
Responsibilities of an Office Security Guard
Receive newspapers when they are delivered.
Check badges to ensure that only authorized personnel gain access to premises.
Record visitors in the log book when they get in and get out.
Attend the incoming phone calls and route the calls to appropriate persons.
Receive the incoming mails, route them from and to the mail man.
Check the designated entry ways and doors.
Lock and unlock doors and entryways as per the building security plan.
Protect the day to day operation of the business by preventing security related factors that can cause business interruption.
Guard against vehicle break-ins and personal attacks.
Patrol outside areas including parking lots as well as less trafficked locations.
Protect the office building from vandalism and break-ins, and maintain employee and vehicle safety.
Perform security rounds inside key areas of the building.
Write detailed reports outlining what they observed while on their round.
Monitor alarm, surveillance TV cameras covering common areas and strategic locations.
Enforce the security rules which are established in the building security plan.
Contact law enforcement the in the case of suspicious activities, threats, intrusions, security system alerts and robbery.
Respond to emergencies (medical and other) by calling emergency responders such as, ambulance service, fire department or law enforcement.
Protective measures include equipment, personnel, and procedures designed to protect a facility against threats and
tomitigate the effects of an attack.
Protective measures for commercial office buildings include:
• Planning and Preparedness
− Conduct threat analyses, vulnerability assessments, consequence analyses, risk assessments, and securityaudits. Develop a
comprehensive security plan and
emergency response plan for the facility.
− Conduct regular exercises with facility employees, including building management and tenants.
− Establish procedures for building evacuation and for shelter-in-place situations.
− Conduct background checks on all employees.
− Incorporate security into employee training programs conducted for building management and tenants.
− Maintain an adequately sized, equipped, and trainedsecurity force. Conduct regular drills.
− Issue photo identification badges to all employees. Require that badge be displayed.
− Issue special identification badges to contractors, cleaning crews, vendors, and temporary employees.
− Require sign-in/sign-out for visitors. Issue special identification badges to visitors.
− Review vehicle traffic patterns inside the building parking areas. Keep vehicles distant from sensitive or critical areas.
− Approach all illegally parked vehicles. Require that they be moved or have them towed.
− Provide adequate door and window locks and other access controls to areas where access is to be limited. Add intrusion detection
systems and alarms.
− Train mail room and receiving personnel to recognize suspicious mail, packages, shipments, or deliveries.
− Evaluate the need for perimeter barriers (e.g., fences,berms, concrete walls) around the facility.
− Install barriers to protect doors and windows from small arms fire and explosive blast effects.
− Install vehicle barriers (e.g., bollards, fencing) to keep vehicles a safe distance from critical areas.